‘Kinno’ significant source of export revenues

By Muhammad Ali Asghar
Blessed with diverse climatic zones, Pakistan produces high quality agricultural commodities and a variety of fruits in abundance. Citrus fruit, in terms of area, is the second in the world and Pakistan is among first 15 sour fruit producing countries.
Kinno, a variety of citrus fruit, has a unique taste as well as nutritional and medicinal properties including vitamin C, sugar, iron, manganese, zinc and copper. Health experts say, Kinno juice produces clean blood; boosts immune system; strengthens stomach and liver; and is very useful in controlling heart diseases.

According to a recent report on Kinno yield, Brazil produces an average 16.713 million tons annually, the highest share (22.16 per cent) in Kinno production worldwide. Similarly, China produces 9.103 million tons thus forming 12.07 per cent of global yield, while Pakistan has 2.11 per cent share by producing 2.5 million tons.

Sargodha, a city in Punjab province of Pakistan, has distinction in production of Kinno having great taste and delicacy. According to an estimate, Sargodha produces 96 per cent of the total production of Kinno in the country and its orchards spanning over millions of acres of land. This fruit product not only caters to the nutritional and employment needs of thousands of people in the country but also helps earn foreign exchange through its exports.
Sargodha and Bhalwal areas’ economy heavily depend on Kinno cultivation and there are around 250 Kinno processing centers in the region that employ over 250,000 people. Sargodha, Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Layyah are also important districts in terms of Kinno cultivation. Kinno is also cultivated in Sukkur, Nawabshah and Khairpur districts of Sindh province; Peshawar, Mardan, Swat, Hazara, Nowshera and Swabi in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in Balochistan, it is cultivated in Sibi, Makran and Kechh areas.

Although it is an important crop, yet like many other crops, it is also vulnerable to climate change effects. According to agronomists, most of the Kinno orchards have reached their natural age. The local growers do not have adequate knowledge of cultivating new varieties of Kinno and this tendency is likely to squeeze Kinno yield and exports in future. Therefore special attention needed for research and development to improve quality and production of Kinno.
Reachout to international markets had been a challenge for Pakistani growers over the decades, but with the start of CPEC (China-Pakistan Economic Corridor) it is hoped that our fruits and vegetables woud have an easy access to China and other world markets. Pakistani Kinno growers are eagerly waiting to take full advantage of this opportunity to increase their exports.

Citrus Research Institute’s Director Muhammad Nawaz Khan Mekan told APP that the Institute was guiding the farmer community across Punjab and making all out efforts to improve citrus yield. “The Citrus Research Institute is providing all necessary guidance to the growers including horticulture, soil preparation, prevention of diseases and better yields.”
He said, “since Kinno is a unique and standard fruit in terms of its taste as compared to other citrus varieties, it is being cultivated on more area. So far our agricultural scientists have developed about 10 different varieties of citrus and got them registered.”
He said Kinno is also cultivated in Pothohar and Southern Punjab districts of Bhakkar, Layyah, DG Khan and Mankera etc. At present, its cultivation area is over 500,000 acres in Punjab out of which 250,000 acre area alone belongs to Sargodha and adjacent areas.
Mekan said that Pakistan produced 2.5 million tons of Kinno every year and export it to 50 countries including Russia, Ukraine, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Gulf States, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Among these countries Russia is the major buyer of Pakistani Kinno. He said, Pakistan earned around US $ 400 million by exporting 15 to 20 per cent of its total production of citrus fruit.

A local grower, Muhammad Asif said that better variety of Kinno and better soil fertility were inevitable to get a bumper crop. “Growers must have complete knowledge about the crop before going for planting Kinno orchards.”
He said the government is providing all possible guidance to Kinno growers and ‘we are reaping better benefits by following its guidance. “If the government continues with subsidies and facilities for Kinno farmers, they can earn more foreign exchange through increased Kinno export.”

Convener of Lahore Chamber of Commerce’s Standing Committee on Fruits and Vegetables, Ahmad Ramzan urged the government to remove bottlenecks in the export of Kinno. He called for decreasing shipping charges and certification fee of The Department of Plant Protection, besides formulating an appropriate policy for cargo loading and unloading to minimize product damage.
Being and agriculture country Pakistan has vast potential to produce export quality fruits and vegetables that can help enhance exports, earn more foreign exchange and minimize the trade and current account deficits. Promotion of this sector would also help the local people in earning more and improving their living standard.